THE POLITICAL ASPECT OF ISLAMIC CULTURE
Islam has arrived as a mercy for the whole world. Islamic teachings protect a human society from ethical downfall, anarchy and fights, and these are also the guarantee of its fortune in the world and the Hereafter. The Companions (May Allah be pleased with them) followed the Islamic teachings and the world became their follower. They founded such an Islamic state which was very firm, strong, culture-oriented and a source of Sciences and the Arts as the history is witness to this.
Islam has proposed such law in front of the world that was not present before in any other society. It is a complete and comprehensive law the example of which cannot be found in any other system. Islamic system was neither a modernized form of any former ordinary or extraordinary system, instead it was quite a new concept for the society.
Indeed the rules of an Islamic state and its regulations and injunctions are derived from the Holy Qur’an and the Holy Qur’an is a book where the evil never comes from the front or from behind. Due to the importance of the Islamic state, Islam has explained the responsibilities of a ruler and the people. A ruler is forbidden to follow his heart’s desires. Allah Almighty says:
فَاحْكُمْ بَيْنَ النَّاسِ بِالْحَقِّ وَلَا تَتَّبِعِ الْهَوَىٰ فَيُضِلَّكَ عَنْ سَبِيلِ اللَّهِ ۚ (26) (ص: 26)
Translation of Meaning: “..So judge thou between men in truth (and justice): Nor follow thou the lusts (of thy heart), for they will mislead you from the path of Allah…” (Saad: 26)
At another place, Allah Almighty says:
وَأَنْ احْكُمْ بَيْنَهُمْ بِمَا أَنزَلَ اللَّهُ وَلا تَتَّبِعْ أَهْوَاءَهُمْ وَاحْذَرْهُمْ أَنْ يَفْتِنُوكَ عَنْ بَعْضِ مَا أَنزَلَ اللَّهُ إِلَيْكَ فَإِنْ تَوَلَّوْا فَاعْلَمْ أَنَّمَا يُرِيدُ اللَّهُ أَنْ يُصِيبَهُمْ بِبَعْضِ ذُنُوبِهِمْ وَإِنَّ كَثِيراً مِنْ النَّاسِ لَفَاسِقُونَ (49) (المائدة: 49)
Translation of Meaning: “And this (He commands): Judge thou between them by what Allah hath revealed, and follow not their vain desires, but beware of them lest they beguile thee from any of that(teaching) which Allah hath sent down to thee.
And if they turn away, be assured that for some of their crime it is Allah’s purpose to punish them. And truly most men are rebellious. (Al-Maidah: 49)
Allah has prohibited the people to disobey the orders of their ruler without any religious reason. Allah Almighty says:
يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا أَطِيعُوا اللَّهَ وَأَطِيعُوا الرَّسُولَ وَأُوْلِي الأَمْرِ مِنْكُمْ فَإِنْ تَنَازَعْتُمْ فِي شَيْءٍ فَرُدُّوهُ إِلَى اللَّهِ وَالرَّسُولِ إِنْ كُنتُمْ تُؤْمِنُونَ بِاللَّهِ وَالْيَوْمِ الآخِرِ ذَلِكَ خَيْرٌ وَأَحْسَنُ تَأْوِيلاً(59) (النساء:59)
Translation of Meaning: “O ye who believe! Obey Allah, and obey the Messenger, and those charged with authority among you. If ye differ in anything among yourselves, refer it to Allah and His Messenger, if ye do believe in Allah and the Last Day: That is best, and most suitable for final determination.” ( An-Nisaa: 59)
Islam wishes that justice and fair system prevails among all people, this is why Allah has explained the consequences of oppression and injustice to people, even it is prevailed with non-Muslim people. Allah says:
إِنَّ اللَّهَ يَأْمُرُكُمْ أَنْ تُؤَدُّوا الأَمَانَاتِ إِلَى أَهْلِهَا وَإِذَا حَكَمْتُمْ بَيْنَ النَّاسِ أَنْ تَحْكُمُوا بِالْعَدْلِ إِنَّ اللَّهَ نِعِمَّا يَعِظُكُمْ بِهِ إِنَّ اللَّهَ كَانَ سَمِيعاً بَصِيراً (58 ( (النساء:58)
Translation of Meaning: “Allah doth command you to render back your Trusts to those to whom they are due; and when ye judge between man and man, that ye judge with justice: Verily how excellent is the teaching which He giveth you! For Allah is He Who heareth and seeth all things. ” (An-Nisaa: 58)
The Holy Prophet (SallAllahu Alaihi Wasallam) said:
« اتَّقُوا الظُّلْمَ ، فَإِنَّ الظُّلْمَ ظُلُمَاتٌ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ » (مسلم)
Translation: “Beware of oppression because there is darkness for the oppressor on the Day of Judgment.” (Muslim)