The Main Parts of Hajj
First Part: Ihram
Wearing of Ihram: This step represents the making of will to enter into the process of Hajj and/or Umrah.
ihram is of three types each of which is explained below:
- Qiraan: Means that while wearing Ihram the pilgrim should make the will to perform both Hajj and Umrah In this case while chanting “Labbaik” he will take the names of both [“Labbaik bil-Hajj- wal-Umrah”].
- Tamattu’: In this case the pilgrim first wears the Ihram in the months of Hajj to perform Umrah. After performing Umrah he puts off Ihram and becomes halal [unfettered]. Then on The eighth day of Zul-Hijjah he would wear his Ihram again with a will to perform the Hajj and thus complete its rituals.
- Ifraad: It means that the pilgrim wears the Ihram with a will to perform Hajj only.
The Ihrams of tamattu’ and of qiraan are not allowed for the residents of the sanctuary [Makkah]. In order of preference first comes tamattu’, then ifraad, then qiraan.
The formalities of Wearing Ihram
The formalities which must be observed for putting on Ihram are as follows:
- To take the ritual bath
- To have a haircut, to trim the moustache, to cut the nails, and to remove the unnecessary hair of the armpits and the pubic hair.
- Men folk to avoid wearing stitched cloth and cover their bodies only with two sheets of Ihram. Women folk will cover up their whole bodies except the face which they can hide while passing by men folk.
- To apply scents before wearing of Ihram.
- To chant “Labbaik” after each salat, to chant it before riding a vehicle, to chant it while ascending and descending, and repeat it from time to time on the day of Eid till throwing of pebbles at the Jamarah of Aqabah. Thereafter he will stop chanting “Labbaik”.
What is Permissible for a Wearer of Ihram?
- To take bath and change both sheets of his Ihram. A woman can untie and comb her hair provided that no hair falls.
- Women can put on leather socks.
- To take shelter under umbrellas, sheds and tents.
- Although killing of any living creature is prohibited, a wearer of Ihram is allowed to kill reptiles and other dangerous animals like scorpions, rabid dogs, mice, kites and crows, etc. (Al-Bukhari & Muslim)
What is Impermissible for a Wearer of Ihram?
There are certain acts indulgence in which invalidates the Ihram, such as sexual intercourse. There are also certain other acts which should not be committed and if anybody commits any one of them, he becomes liable to offer a ransom [fidyah] to validate his Hajj.
The ransom is to sacrifice a goat or feed sixty poor people or keep fasting for three days.
These acts are:
- To shave or cut the hair of any part of the body or to scale the nails. Allah (Ta’ala) proclaims:
وَلا تَحْلِقُوا رُءُوسَكُمْ حَتَّى يَبْلُغَ الْهَدْيُ مَحِلَّهُ (البقرة : 196)
[“And shave not your heads until the sacrifice reaches its destination” (Al-Baqarah: 196)].
- Wearing of stitched clothes by men folk or wearing of gloves or niquab by women folk. However, they are allowed to cover their faces with their scarves while in the presence of alien men. It is narrated through Hadrat Ayesha (RadhiAllahu Anha), ‘We were with the Messenger of Allah (sallAllahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) wearing Ihram. Whenever riders appeared to come near us, we used to cover up our faces with our scarves and uncovered them when they had ridden past us’ (Abu Dawood, Ibn Majah).
- To apply scents on the garments or the body or to wear smelling dyed cloth.
- To hunt or encourage others to hunt the land animals and to consume their flesh. But one is permitted to eat hunted marine products. Anybody who hunts a land animal while in Ihram becomes liable to atone for his wrong-.doing. Likewise, it is haram to cut the trees within the sanctuary.
- To contract marriage or to propose. The Messenger of Allah (sallAllahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) pronounced that the wearer of Ihram cannot marry any woman nor any woman can marry a man nor can a man propose to anybody (Muslim).
- To kiss or touch or embrace a woman lustfully and similarly all actions that may lead to sexual intercourse and thereby fouling of Hajj.