Performing Hajj on behalf of a Deceased Person
It is narrated through Ibn Abbas that once a woman came to the Messenger of Allah (sallAllahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) and said: O Messenger of Allah, my mother had made a vow to perform Hajj but she died before fulfilling her vow. Can I perform Hajj on her behalf? The Prophet (sallAllahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) replied that she could and said, ‘But what do you think? Had she any debt, would you not be ready to repay it? She replied: yes, O Messenger of Allah. Then the Prophet (sallAllahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said, ‘this is a debt she owed to Allah and Allah deserves most to be repaid his debt’ (AL-Bukhari).
Performance of Hajj by a Substitute
If a person is under obligation to perform Hajj but he cannot perform it due to old age or any ailment, he can take a person who has already performed his Hajj as his substitute to perform Hajj on his behalf and expense (Al-Bukhari). Once during the proceedings of Hajj the Messenger of Allah (sallAllahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) heard somebody chanting “Labbaik ‘an Shabramah” [I am present on behalf of Shabramah!]. The Messenger of Allah (sallAllahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) asked him: ‘Who is this Shabramah?’ He replied that he was his brother or some other relation. Then the Prophet (sallAllahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) inquired: ‘Have you performed your own Hajj?’ He replied: ‘No.’ So the Prophet (sallAllahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) directed him not to say, “on behalf of Shabramah”. First he should perform his own Hajj, then he can perform it on behalf of Shabramah (Abu Dawood, Ibn Majah).
Theologians hold that performance of Hajj is obligatory only once during the life-time.
Deferring Hajj when it becomes Obligatory
One should hasten to perform Hajj when it becomes obligatory. One does not know about the future of his life and maybe he becomes indigent or faces any other obstacle. If, however
, one feels that his conditions are favourable and appear to remain favourable in the time to come, he must make the will to do so though he may postpone it for some time. However, it is desirable for him to hasten to do it.