Performance of Umrah
Performance of Umrah is an emphasized practice of the Prophet (sallAllahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) [Sunnah muakkadah]. The Messenger of Allah (sallAllahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said: One Umrah to another Umrah is atonement for all the sins and mistakes committed between the two (Al-Bukhari & Muslim).
Rites of Umrah
Umrah consists of performance of these rites: To put on Ihram, to make tawaf of Ka’ba, to run between the hills of Safa and Marwah, to shave the head or trim the hair. These acts are to be done in the order as mentioned. The conditions and commendable practices which apply to Hajj, as described earlier, also apply to Umrah. The meequat for Umrah is the same as for Hajj. Umrah can be performed throughout the year but it is better to perform it during the month of Ramadan. The Messenger of Allah (sallAllahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said: Performance of Umrah during Ramadan is equal to performance of full Hajj (Al-Bukhari & Muslim). All such practices which are permissible or impermissible are also permissible or impermissible in case of Umrah. Similarly, the nullifiers in respect of the rites common to both are the same.
How to Perform Umrah?
The performer of Umrah [Muammir] should proceed to his meequat, undertake the ritual bath, apply scent and then wear the Ihram.
For men ihram consists of two unstitched sheets. One he wraps around his lower body and other covers the upper part. Both sheets should preferably be white. Women can wear any dress except that it should not be ostentatious. Then he/she should make the will to perform Umrah and chant talbiyah. On arriving in Makkah, he/she first of all should perform the tawaf of Ka’ba. Tawaf should be begin from the Black Stone chanting takbeer and should end at it. Meanwhile, one should keep on chanting and praying. If possible, one should perform two cycles of nafil salat behind the Maqam-i-Ibrahim; if not, then he should perform it anywhere in the harem. Then he should proceed towards Safa. Facing Ka’ba he should raise his hands three times each time chanting hamd and takbeer and praying. Then he should make seven rounds between Safa and Marwah. Upon reaching Marwa one should chant hamd and takbeer and pray in the same manner as he has done at Safa. One must walk fast between the points marked in green. The rest he will walk normally. After completing sa’yi he will have his head shaved or hair trimmed. With the performance of these rites one is free from the restrictions of Ihram and becomes halal.
Formalities of Visiting the Prophet’s Mosque
It is commendable for the pilgrims to visit the Prophet’s Mosque in Madinah Munawwarah. The Messenger of Allah (sallAllahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said: performing salat in this mosque of mine is better than performing 1000 salats in other mosques except the Masjid al-Haram [Ka’ba].
Formalities of a Visit to the Prophet’ Mosque
- Before entering the city of the Prophet one should take proper bath and put on neat and clean clothes.
- One should enter the Mosque of the Prophet putting his right foot first and recite this prayer:
اعوذ باللہ العظیم وبوجھہ الکریم وسلطانہ القدیم من الشیطان الرجیم، بسم اللہ اللھم صل
علی محمد وآلہ وسلم، اللھم اغفرلی ذنوبی وافتح لی ابواب رحمتک ۔
(Translation) [“I seek refuge in Allah the Great and by His magnanimous face and by his eternal power from the damned Satan. In the name of Allah. O my God please bless Muhammad and his progeny and bestow your peace upon them. O my God please forgive me my sins and open the doors of your mercy for me”].
- If possible, one should pray two cycles of salat of tahiyyatul-masjid preferably in the Riyad al-Jannah [the space between the Prophet’s pulpit and his grave. If not possible, then he should not struggle but pray anywhere he finds room.
- Then he should approach the holy grave and standing before it respectfully should say in a low voice: Assalam-o-Alaika ya ayyyuhan Nabi wa Rahmatullah wa Barakatuh [“Peace be on you O Vicegerent of God and God’s mercy and blessings”]. Then he should recite tasliyah. Then moving to the right, face the grave of Hadrat Abu Bakr, say salam and invoke Allah’s blessings for him. Then a little farther in the right is the grave of Hadrat Umar. One should also say salam here and invoke God’s blessings for him.
- In this place one should take particular care not to do anything which is disrespectful. He should not touch the screen of the grave of the Prophet and should not raise his voice.
- The visit to the Prophet’s mosque should be followed by a visit to the Jannatul-Baquee’ which is the resting place of innumerable companions of the Prophet and the martyrs. Before their graves one should recite what the Messenger of Allah used to recite:
|السلام علیکم یا اھل الدیار من المومنین والمسلمین وانا ان شاء اللہ بکم لاحقون نسأل اللہ لنا ولکم العافیۃ|
Assalam-o-alaikum ya ahlad-Diyar minal-Momineen wal-Muslimeen wa Inna Insha’Allah bikum Lahiqoon. Nas’alullah lana wa lakum al-A’ffiyah (Muslim) [“Peace be upon you O dwellers of these places from among believers and Muslims. And we are going to join you in sha’Allah. We pray for our and your safety”].