How to Perform Hajj? Summing Up
- If the pilgrim is Mufrid or Qa’rin he should make his will accordingly and wear his Ihram at his Meequat.
- If the pilgrim is a resident within the area of the Meequat he has to wear his Ihram from that place.
- If the pilgrim has willed for tamattu’ he will wear his Ihram on the Day of Tarwiyah [the eighth of Zul-Hijjah] from the place where he happens to be for the time-being.
- The pilgrim should proceed to Mina and there he will perform his salat of Dhuhr, Asr, Maghrib and ‘Ishaa in the Qasr mode. But none of them should be combined.
- On ninth Zul-Hijjah, after sunrise he should depart Mina and proceed towards Arafat calmly and quietly. While marching he should avoid causing any inconvenience to the fellow pilgrims. Reaching Arafat he will perform the salats of Dhuhr and Asr combined in the Qasr mode, with one Adhan and two Iqamats. Here he must ensure that he is within the limits of the plain of Arafat. Here he should engage himself in remembrance of Allah and prayers and invocations all the time. He should keep his face in the direction of Ka’ba. He should pray with raised hands in the manner of the Messenger of Allah (sallAllahu ‘alayhi wa sallam). The whole plain of Arafat is place to stay. He should stay there up to sunset.
- After sunset he should proceed to Muzdalifah. While marching he should keep calm and quiet and keep chanting talbiyah. On reaching Muzdalifah he will perform the combined salat for Maghrib and ‘Ishaa in the Qasr At dawn he should perform the Fajr salat. After salat he should pray a lot facing Ka’ba and with raised hands in the manner of the Messenger of Allah (sallAllahu ‘alayhi wa sallam).
- Just before sunrise he should depart from Muzdalifah to Mina chanting talbiyah. Women, old men and the disabled are allowed to proceed to Mina after midnight. At Muzdalifah the pilgrim should collect seven pebbles in advance for throwing at Jamarah Aqabah when he reaches it. There is no harm if pebbles are fetched in Mina. For later throwing pebbles can be fetched from Mina itself.———–
- On reaching Mina the pilgrim has to perform these rituals:
- To throw seven pebbles at the Jamarah Aqabah consecutively chanting takbeer for each pebble.
- To offer the sacrifice of an animal. He should eat its flesh himself and distribute it among the needy as well.
- To get his head shaved or at least have his hair trimmed. Having full shave is considered most virtuous. Women should cut their hair equal to the length of two fingers. It is better to perform these rites in the said order. However, if the order changes there is no harm in it. After performing these rites a pilgrim becomes free of most restrictions of Hajj as he becomes halal, except that sexual intercourse must be avoided
- After this the pilgrim will return to Makkah to perform tawaf-i-ifadhah of the Ka’ba. After this tawaf, if the pilgrim is on tamattu’, he has to go for sa’yi. Likewise, if the Qa’rin and Mufrid pilgrim had not performed sa’yi after tawaf-i- qudoom [tawaf-on-arrival] they now ought to perform sa’yi.
After this he will become completely free of all restrictions of Ihram and sexual intercourse also becomes halal. One can delay tawaf-i-ifadhah till the staying at Mina and after having thrown the pebbles till he reaches Makkah.
- Having performed the tawaf-i-ifadhah the pilgrim should go back to Mina and there he must pass the three nights of 11, 12 and 13 Zul-Hijjah. A minimum of two-night stay is also permissible.
- During the stay at Mina the pilgrim will have to throw pebbles on the three jamarat on all the three days or two days, as the case may be, after the reclining of sun. The ramyi (throwing) should be begin with the first Jamarah which is farthest from Makkah, then at the middle Jamarah, and then at the Jamarah Aqabah at the end. He should throw seven pebbles at each of them. The pebbles should be thrown one by one and not altogether which is not permitted. On each pebble-throwing one should chant If somebody desires to stay in Mina only for two days, he must exit Mina before sunset on the second day. If perchance he fails to do so, then he must stay to pass the third night. Persons with disability are allowed to take a proxy who can perform this rite both on his behalf and on behalf of the disabled person. Throwing of pebbles on behalf of the two can be done in a single run. Separate runs are not called for.
- Before departing for home it is compulsory for a pilgrim to perform the tawaf-i-widaa’ [tawaf of farewell]. Except for women who are having menstrual or puerperal flow, this tawaf is binding upon all.