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Hadrat Idris (Alaihis Salam)


Hadrat Idris (Alaihis Salam) was a chosen bondman of Allah and his messenger. He has been mentioned in passing in two places in Quran.  Allah (Ta’ala) declares:

وَإِسْمَاعِيلَ وَإِدْرِيسَ وَذَا الْكِفْلِ كُلٌّ مِنْ الصَّابِرِينَ (الأنبياء: 85)

Translation of Meaning: “And [mention] Ismael, and Idris and Dhul-Kifl.  All were of the steadfast” (Al-Anbiya: 85).  In another place it is declared:

وَاذْكُرْ فِي الْكِتَابِ إِدْرِيسَ إِنَّهُ كَانَ صِدِّيقاً نَبِيّاً (56) وَرَفَعْنَاهُ مَكَاناً عَلِيّاً (57) (مريم:56-57)

Translation of Meaning: “And make mention in the Scripture of Idris.  Lo! He was a saint, a prophet; and We raised him to high station” (Maryam: 56-57).  According to historical accounts he was born in the Manfes or Manuf city of Egypt. People gave him the title of “Hermes alHaramisah” which in Syriac means “the most experienced and prescient person.”  According to another view, he was born in Babel and from thence he migrated to Egypt. He is believed to have been appointed as a messenger of Allah after Hadrat Adam (Alaihis Salam) and Hadrat Shith (Alaihis Salam). According to yet another opinion, he was made a messenger of God after Hadrat Noah (Alaihis Salam).  He is believed to be a tailor by occupation and he had the habit of uttering “Subhanallah” at each stitch.  During his times there was nobody equal to him in virtue and good deeds.  There is no authentic Hadeeth from the Prophet Muhammad regarding Hadrat Idris.  What has been described about him in our tafaseer has been borrowed from the Jewish scriptures and his story is narrated at length in Talmud.  According to this story, when corruption multiplied on earth God Almighty commanded Hadrat Idris, who was living the life of a hermit, to come out of his hermitage and guide the people to the Straight Path.  He complied with the command of God and began to call people towards Allah.  His rule lasted for a long time. Towards the end of his life he is believed to have ascended to the heavens riding a chariot of fire.  In Talmud he is named as Hanuk.  God knows better of it.  It is narrated through Hadrat Abdullah Bin Masud (RadhiAllahu Anhu) and Hadrat Abdullah Bin Abbas (RadhiAllahu Anhu) that Ilyas and Idris are the two names of the same personage [Bukhari].  During his Ascension [Me’raj] to the heaven the Prophet Muhammad () met him and was welcomed by him as “My righteous brother and a righteous apostle”.  Ibn Is’haque has recorded that he was the first person to use pen for writing [Al-Bidayah wan-Nihayah 1: 92].