Compulsory Rites of Hajj
- Stay at Muzdalifah. It is compulsory that pilgrims leave Arafat after camping there by midnight so as to reach Muzdalifah for halting there. Otherwise, they will be liable to offer the sacrifice of an animal. Allah (Ta’ala) has pronounced:
فَإِذَا أَفَضْتُمْ مِنْ عَرَفَاتٍ فَاذْكُرُوا اللَّهَ عِنْدَ الْمَشْعَرِ الْحَرَامِ (البقرة : 198)
[“And when you exit from Arafat then remember Allah near the Mash’ar al- Haram” (Al-Baqarah: 198)]. Mash’ar al-Haram means Muzdalifah. While at Muzdalifah the pilgrims will perform the salats of Maghrib and ‘Ishaa combined. One should stay in the mosque which has now been built over the Mash’ar, frequently perform the nafil salats, recite Quran and engage in invocations and prayers. At Muzdalifah one should perform the Fajr prayer in its early time.
- Ramyi at Jamarat. Ramyi means throwing of pebbles and Jamarat refer to certain mounds (called the Little Jamarah, the Middle Jamarah the big Jamarah of Aqabah). These three mounds are located in Mina. [They symbolize forces of evil]. Pilgrims have to throw pebbles on these mounds from the Sacrifice Day, the tenth of Zul- Hijjah, and continue to do so on the eleventh, twelfth and thirteenth of Zul-Hijjah. These three days are called “Tashreeq Days”. The ritual will be deemed to have been performed if the pilgrim throws pebbles up to the twelfth of Zul-Hijjah. A person has to throw pebbles by himself, but if he is physically unable to throw pebbles, he can make his proxy do it for him.
- On the tenth of Zul-Hijjah seven pebbles will have to be thrown upon the Jamara al-Aqabah. The time for throwing of pebbles is from the break of dawn till forenoon.
- On the eleventh of Zul-Hijjah seven pebbles will have to be thrown on each of the three jamarat (i.e. twenty-one pebbles in all).
- Likewise, the same process will have to be repeated on the twelfth and thirteenth of Zul-Hijjah. But it is permissible to skip throwing of pebbles on the thirteenth Zul-Hijjah. Allah (Ta’ala) has pronounced:
فَمَنْ تَعَجَّلَ فِي يَوْمَيْنِ فَلا إِثْمَ عَلَيْهِ وَمَنْ تَأَخَّرَ فَلا إِثْمَ عَلَيْهِ (البقرة : 203)
[“Remember Allah through the appointed days. Then whoso hastenth [his departure] by two days, it is no sin for him, and whoso delayeth, it is no sin for him; that is for him who wardeth off [evil]. Be careful of your duty to Allah, and know that unto Him ye shall be gathered” (Al-Baqarah: 203)].
Method of Ramy (Pebble-throwing) and its Sunnah Practices
The pebbles should be of the size of a chickpea or a little bigger than that.
- One should make will to throw the pebbles at the Jamarah.
- The pebbles should fall within the circle which has been drawn around each of the three jamarat.
- Each pebble should be thrown separately. Throwing of all the seven pebbles together is invalid.
- Pebbles should be thrown by the right hand but if there is some excuse the left hand can also be used.
- If a male is throwing the pebbles, he should do it with raised hands so the white of his armpit is visible.
- The thrower should stand in a position that Makkah is on his left, Mina on his right and the Jamarah in his front.
- After throwing pebbles in the a manner prescribed, one should not stay there but move away.
- After throwing pebbles on the first and the second Jamarah, one should turn his face towards Ka’ba and pray to Allah devotionally.
- Having thrown the first pebble one should stop chanting “Labbaik”.