THE COLLECTIVE ASPECT OF ISLAMIC CULTURE
Before the advent of Islam, the people were living in the darkness of ignorance. Idol-worshipping was common, there was such a great number of false gods except the worshipping of Allah that the humanity had never thought it before. Bad behaviour and morals, shamelessness and conflicts were everywhere. The corruption was prevailed in all the areas of the world. Then Allah sent a light to end the darkness spread on the earth. Then the sun of Islam rose and then the equity and justice prevailed and life returned to all the areas of the world.
Islam has established a complete collectivity. For this, a pious Muslim person is made the basis so that it has great importance in the creation of a pious Muslim society that the society is based on mutual brotherhood and follows according to the rules of Allah. It was essential to build a Muslim society so that it can perform the responsibility of preaching along with the Prophet (ﷺ), to defend this preaching after the demise of Prophet (ﷺ) and to spread it all over the globe.
The Holy Prophet (ﷺ) got involved in training a Muslim person because this is the matter that holds the basic position in the growth of a Muslim society. There are different aspects of this training:
FIRST ASPECT – CORRECTION OF BELIEF:
Islam gave the teachings of worshipping of Allah alone and leaving the idol-worshipping. It gave the teachings of the belief in Allah, His Angels, His Prophets, the Day of Judgement and predestination. Islam took the people from the worshipping of materialism and towards the worshipping of Allah alone, relieved it from the mental backwardness; cared about their feelings and emotions and assigned it a very high position, because of which the faith penetrated in the depth of their hearts. People sacrificed their lives for the sake of their religion and faith instead of protecting their tribes and relatives. People spent their whole lives in the success of religion, its spreading and preaching in order to seek the pleasure of Allah.
When a Brave Companion Hazrat Rab’ee Bin Aamir (Radhi Allahu Anhu) enters in the court of Rustam, the leader of Persia, he does not get impressed with the magnificence and decoration of his court. Rustam asks about the reason of his visit.
So he replied: “Allah has sent us so that we direct the people to leave the worshipping of people and come to the worshipping of Allah, to take the people from the narrowness of the world towards the blessings of the world and the Hereafter.”
SECOND ASPECT – TO ACQUIRE THE MORAL HEIGHTS AND QUR’ANIC TEACHINGS:
Majority of Arabs were involved in sins and evil doings. When Islam arrived, it taught the people about piety and purification, as a result of which people lowered their gazes and moved away from wickedness, vulgarity and disobeying. This happened because they started fearing from Allah and followed the Islamic teachings. If they ever committed the evil sin of adultery, they went to the court of the Prophet (ﷺ) for the execution of “Had’ (the due legal punishment of this sin in Shariah), so that they would not face embarrassment in the court of Allah.
Before the advent of Islam, Arabs used to fight for silly matters and used their swords. They oppressed others because of some reason or without any reason. For a silly matter, they had wars that continued for many years, when Islam arrived so it declared the oppression as Haraam. Peace was prevailed and heightened and people started showing mercy and kindness instead of wrongdoing and abuse.
THIRD ASPECT – TO FOLLOW THE DECISION OF ALLAH AND HIS PROPHET (ﷺ):
Arabs used to take their decisions on their own will and according to the tradition of their ancestors. When Islam arrived, it finished this tradition of ignorance and sustained the order of Allah. Allah Almighty says:
]فَلا وَرَبِّكَ لا يُؤْمِنُونَ حَتَّى يُحَكِّمُوكَ فِيمَا شَجَرَ بَيْنَهُمْ ثُمَّ لا يَجِدُوا فِي أَنفُسِهِمْ حَرَجاً مِمَّا قَضَيْتَ وَيُسَلِّمُوا تَسْلِيماً( (النساء: 65)
Translation of Meaning: “But no, by the Lord, they can have no (real) Faith, until they make thee judge in all disputes between them, and find in their souls no resistance against Thy decisions, but accept them with the fullest conviction.” (Surah An-Nisaa, Verse 65)
FOURTH ASPECT – PERSONAL ACCOUNTABILITY AND FOLLOW OF RELIGION:
Islam has emphasized on personal accountability. Islam has regarded as the foundation of responsibility. Before the advent of Islam, the Arabs used to help their tribes whether they were the abusers or the abused. The Arabs did not consider this if they are right or wrong. When Islam came, it taught the people that the foundation of accountability in the court of Allah is based on personal accountability, thus they should remain loyal to their religion only. Allah Almighty says:
]إِنَّمَا وَلِيُّكُمْ اللَّهُ وَرَسُولُهُ وَالَّذِينَ آمَنُوا الَّذِينَ يُقِيمُونَ الصَّلاةَ وَيُؤْتُونَ الزَّكَاةَ وَهُمْ رَاكِعُونَ (55)
وَمَنْ يَتَوَلَّ اللَّهَ وَرَسُولَهُ وَالَّذِينَ آمَنُوا فَإِنَّ حِزْبَ اللَّهِ هُمْ الْغَالِبُونَ (56) ( (المائدة : 55-56)
Translation of Meaning: “Your (real) friends are (no less than) Allah, His Messenger, and the (fellowship of) believers, those who establish regular prayers and regular charity, and they bow down humbly (in worship). As to those who turn (for friendship) to Allah, His Messenger, and the (fellowship of) believers, it is the fellowship of Allah that must certainly triumph.” (Surah Al-Maida, Verses 55-56)